Participating Schools Red Bluff High School Mercy High School Orland High School Los Molinos High School
Field Day Host Beneficial Insectary, Inc.
Participating Partners Stephanie Drinkall
Theme Integrated Pest Management
Summary of the Day Tehama FARMS Advanced had the pleasure of visiting the Beneficial Insectary in Redding, CA who has been a leader in the production and application of beneficial organisms used in biological pest control and integrated pest management programs. Stephanie Drinkall, customer service representative, gave a fabulous presentation about all aspects of their business from the facilities, to the types of insects they raise, and what services they provide to customers.
It was fascinating to learn about how many different types of beneficial insects are raised and sold commercially to be used in IPM programs from small household sizes to major nursery settings. We were able to inspect fly predators and lacewings in both the adult form as well as larvae stage, as well as watch the lacewing larvae feed on aphids under a microscope. We also hear from one of their key outside salesman who goes out to customers farms and is able to not only identify current pest issues but also prescribe what types of beneficial insects should be used to help limit damage from the pests.
Bio security is taken very seriously and therefore we were not able to tour their farm or packing facility. However it was a great day with much knowledge gained why farmers are encouraged to implement IPM practices and how the Beneficial Insectary plays and important role in this.
FARMS Leadership| Tehama County | January 17, 2019
Location of Field Day Red Bluff, CA
Participating High Schools Red Bluff High School Los Molinos High School Corning High School Mercy High School
Field Day Host Kari Dodd, Tehama County Farm Bureau Manager
Theme CAP Planning
Summary of the Day: Students started the morning with a fun activity of building student bio books. It was a great way to start the year by digging into self awareness as well as setting some SMART goals. Throughout the activity all the students wrote and illustrated 3 topics: Where did I come from? Who am I today? Where am I going? Lastly we set a SMART goal for the year. To finish this activity off, we went around the room and practiced our public speaking by presenting our books to the group. Public speaking is such an important skill that can never be over practiced.
Kari Dodd, Farm Bureau Manager, then did a wonderful presentation about Farm Bureau. It was great to open the student’s eyes as to what an important role Farm Bureau plays for our local farmers, as well as consumers and have some discussion about what a “grassroots” business is. She then had the students do an activity thinking about their strengths, and weaknesses.
To wrap up the day, each school designed a dream board as to what they want their Community Action Project to be. It was a fun way to get a jump on an important aspect of our FARMS Leadership program and being sure that we are making an impact in our local communities.
The importance of caring for our waterways in ways that will encourage our salmon and steelhead to be able to make the journey to the ocean and then return back to their birthplace would have truly appreciated Tehama County’s FARMS Advanced trip to Coleman Fish Hatchery.
Coleman Fish Hatchery is located right on Battle Creek which feeds directly into the Sacramento River. We had the pleasure of taking part in one of the most important processes that takes place to continue the cycle of life for our local salmon and steel-head, spawning day. What does that mean? It is when the employees at Coleman Fish Hatchery “spawn” or collect the eggs out of the female fish, fertilize them with sperm from the male fish and then send these eggs to their incubation tanks so they can grow and develop into little fish in the safety of the hatchery.
Laura Mahoney greeted us and immediately put us to work. FARMS Advanced student, Mary-Pat from Mercy High School went to the incubation building where she helped a hatchery employee receive the eggs, transfer them into incubation trays, disinfect them of any pathogens that may have been in the water or carried by the fish by using and iodine bath, and then put them into the flow of water where they will continue to develop.
Students, Gabe Harris from Los Molinos High and Jack Lazzaretto from Orland High went to the spawning building where they met staff from Coleman Fish Hatchery as well as staff that was collecting scales and livers for research for both the Federal Government and California State. They learned how to sex the steelhead and know if they are truly ready for spawning. It quickly became apparent why waterproof shoes and a change of clothes was recommended! Gabe and Jack became part of the team and played important roles in this spawning process.
Once the spawning was finished, we followed the researchers into their certified lab where we watched them process the livers and ovarian fluid that was collected.
Lastly, we were treated to a tour of their ozone plant. What is an ozone plant? Water entering the hatchery comes from Battle Creek and contains bacteria, viruses, and parasites that can be harmful to fish. Before the water is used for fish culture it is filtered and treated with ozone to kill all the disease organisms. All water used in the process of raising these fish is treated by this process.
FARMS Leadership| Tehama County | December 7, 2018
Location of Field Day: Los Molinos, CA
Participating High Schools: Los Molinos High, Mercy High, Red Bluff High, Corning High
Field Day Host: Los Molinos High School
Participating Partners: Shasta Junior College Welding Department Principal Miguel Barriga, Los Molinos High School Becky Roe, Sierra Pacific Industries, A&R Custom Butchering
Theme: Ag. Mechanics, Interview Preparation
Summary of the Day: Calling all mechanics, welders, fabricators, and computer geeks!! This day was one for the books. While holding field days at our high schools is not the norm, we were excited for Tehama County’s FARMS Leadership students to get the true hands-on experience with local industry in the various ag mechanics fields that we highlighted: welding, heavy equipment operating, computer programming, laser engraving, and job interview preparedness.
Shasta College sent two of their top students to teach our FARMS Leadership group the art and skills required to become a welder. Many of our students had never had this opportunity before, so using Los Molinos’ individual welding bays was a safe and fun way to experience this! Safety was key to this day, and as a group, we received a detailed safety presentation from Michael Kling, the Los Molinos Ag Instructor before any activities started.
“I learned that lifting the arc makes the puddle wider and also makes it hotter.” – Forrest Powell, Los Molinos High School
For those students whose interest is peaked by heavy equipment operation, they were able to get hands-on by driving a front end loader through a course of barrels and even test their backing skills. Gabe Harris, a FARMS Advanced student, gave each student a lesson in the safe, proper operation of the equipment. It was such fun to see the expressions from those who had never driven a tractor before. Memories were surely made!
“I had a lot of fun driving the tractor!” – Hannah Endres, Corning High School
Those students who are interested in computer programming and art or design loved the rotation where they were introduced to a laser engraver and how it can be used in conjunction with computer design to create some awesome pieces. Each school was able to create a design on the computer, their school name with the FARMS Leadership logo that was then engraved on a wooden sign. It was amazing how precise the engraver was. Every detail was transferred from the computer design to the finished product.
“I learned how to use a laser table and found out it produces very intricate and detailed art work. They can be used on glass, wood, metal and leather!”
Itzel Favela, Red Bluff High School
While it is always fun exploring careers in agriculture, the next step to explore and learn the necessary skills for is… How do I get a job? What does an interview look like? Mrs. Becky Roe from Sierra Pacific Industries joined us to help teach these skills. She led an open discussion with the students encouraging questions about how to fill out an application, the important part of your resume and cover letter, and they participated in a role-play activity showing students how to act and the importance of your first impression when you are called in for an interview. Each student gained the knowledge of how to properly dress, shake hands, speak, and that it is ok to ask questions.
“I learned that your social media can effect your job.” – Kylee McCormick, Corning High School
Special Thank You to A&R Custom Butchering for donating all the tri-tip for our lunch!
Field Day Host Andrew Cox, Tehama County Mosquito Vector Control
Participating Schools Red Bluff High School Orland High School Mercy High School Los Molinos High School
Theme Integrated Pest Management
Summary of the Day: In 1917 Los Molinos, CA had an outbreak of malaria, people were sick and dying. The world had already experienced this scenario during the building of the Panama Canal where the French people that were working on the canal were dying in huge numbers. It was discovered that malaria was being transferred to people by being bit by an infected female mosquito that was a carrier. So in 1917, Northern California created a mosquito vector control to help control the population of mosquitoes and therefore help eradicate malaria..
In the beginning years, they would float oil on the surface of the water to suffocate the mosquito larvae. Since then, we have come so far with the development of new chemicals and methods of controlling this deadly pest. Currently, Tehama County Mosquito Control is built of a team of men who assess the problems in their region and treat accordingly. Depending on whether they are having an issue with adults or larvae they decide which practice is best; treating the water, or fogging for adults.
“There are over 200 species of mosquitoes and some can go dormant for years.” -Stephanie Mills, Red Bluff High School
Water treatment is the easiest method and will kill the larvae before ever maturing into adults. The best approach in water is introducing the Mosquito Fish into bodies of water. These little fish feed on the larvae, stay about the size of a guppy, and are close to 100% effective! The public can pick up these fish at our local office to use in livestock water troughs, ponds, or any other standing water. There are also a couple of chemicals labeled for use in water. One is BTI which kills them, the other is Methoprene which causes them to have reproduction issues.
“It is crazy that female mosquitoes are the only ones that bite!” ~Gabe Harris, Los Molinos High School
Fogging for adults is the second method of controlling the mosquito. This is a very labor intensive task, and during peak mosquito season the technicians often work 14-16 hour days to be able to service their region. The air has to be just right, and typically they do it very early mornings. Each technicians truck is outfitted with a drop machine (fogger) that puts out about 4oz of permethrin per acre and is effective in reducing the population of adult mosquitoes and even some flies.
Spending the day with Tehama County Vector Control was not only educational, but fun! The students enjoyed the time spent with our local technicians and learning about the services they offer. Thank you Mosquito Abatement for your time and knowledge!!
FARMS Leadership| Tehama County | November 6, 2018
Location of Field Day:
Field Day Host:
Sierra Pacific Industries – Becky Roe and Kristy Lanham
Bill Carol, Joe Puentes, Christina Max, Jeff Jackman, Jim Hansen
Technology and Manufacturing
Summary of the Day:
After such a severe wildfire year in CA, it was very fitting to visit Sierra Pacific Industries (SPI) and learn from one of the leaders in the logging and lumber industry what really happens to all those burnt trees after a major forest fire such as the Carr Fire.
Spending our day at SPI Richfield we were exposed to two different processing facilities: their remanufacturing plant and one of their millwork plants. Students broke up into two groups and had to opportunity to tour one of the plants and then did a speaking activity by presenting to the other group as well as SPI staff what they learned, careers they saw and what their favorite part was. Learning skills such as public speaking, preparing a presentation in a short amount of time, as well as how to collaborate with other students are all an important part of our FARMS Field Days. Some of the key things they learned exploring the facilities were:
“The wood in the Millwork was cut into small pieces and glued back together to form bigger pieces, then they press the wood to keep it’s form.” – Melanie Flores, Orland High School Student
“Some of the jobs in the Reman facility are: chain pullers, banding, optimizer operator, and forklift driver.” -Zach Skaggs, Red Bluff High School Student
SPI and Red Emmerson are the largest private land owner with over 2 million acres of land between California and Washington. Therefore, they have very detailed processes and procedures for how they handle their land after a wildfire has roared through. Joe Puentes, one of their lead foresters, gave a wonderful presentation on the importance forest management and how they manage their forests differently being a private company versus a government agency as well as the extreme urgency of time to replant the forests and restore the environmental balance as quickly as possible.
“After a fire they replant double to amount of trees.” – Clayton Cox, Corning High School Student
” 12,000 trees a day can be planted for a crew of 12 laborers!” – Forrest Powell, Los Molinos High School
Summary of the Day:
Did you know that 98% of all olive oil sold and produced in the USA comes out of this one little olive oil plant in Artois, CA?
With clear blue skies and a crisp cool morning the fall weather at California Olive Ranch made for the perfect kick off our 2018-19 FARMS Leadership field days! While we were anticipating olive harvest to have started, this was lesson #1 learned….agriculture doesn’t follow a calendar! However, California Olive Ranch didn’t disappoint. Students had the opportunity to explore everything from orchard to finished product and every detail in between. One benefit to harvest not starting yet, was each student got to not only sit in the driver’s seat of an OXBO harvester, but they all operated the hydraulics and got a true lesson in what a harvester operator does.
“They showed us the machine that harvests the olives and they let us ride it, it uses 100 gallons of diesel!!” -Bryan Romero Gonzales, Orland High School
We then learned all about the different olive varieties, pruning and what affects when harvest will begin. It is up to the orchard managers to decide when the olives are at optimal oil content, so harvest can begin. Once harvest begins it runs 24/7 for roughly 45 days! During this season 55,000 to 65,000 gallons of olive oil are made every day and put in stainless tanks that can hold 175,000 gallons each. Throughout the year this oil is bottled and shipped worldwide.
“I learned that technology helps facilitate olive oil production especially in large quantities!” – Itzel Favela, Red Bluff High
A day at an olive oil plant isn’t complete without learning the art and technique of olive oil tasting, right? We were able to finish up our day with the full experience of tasting olive oil like professionals. Talk about a memorable field day! I have to say we made amazing memories! Thank you California Olive Ranch from all of us with Tehama County FARMS Leadership!
Summary of the Day:
Have you ever wanted to know what goes on on a college student farm? The Tehama County FARMS Leadership had the experience of a lifetime when they attended a field day on May 10, 2018 at the Shasta College Farm in Redding, CA.
The day started with an enjoyable breakfast in their lush arboretum and listening to current students who live in housing on the college farm tell about the opportunity to work on the farm to pay for their room and board, which can be a large cost. Shasta College is one of the few junior college campuses’ that has dorm living available to some students. Once everyone’s bellies were full it was time to get down and dirty by going to the horticulture department. Students were able to get some soil under their nails by planting a couple seeds in one pot and taking clippings from a mature plant, dipping it in a growth hormone to stimulate root development and plant it in a second pot. All the students love being able to do something that they get to take home at the end of the day! They also were able to learn a little about beneficial vs. harmful bugs and see first hand what a baby ladybug looks like.
After we played in the dirt a little, we went on a short tour of the Shasta College Farm which included herding goats to a new pen and seeing week old baby pigs. We ended the tour by joining a Shasta College Feeds and Nutrition Lab where we helped process 54 meat chickens that were going to the public’s dinner tables in the next couple days. It took a few minutes for the students to warm up to the idea of being hands on, but soon every student had gotten their hands wet or dirty helping. They learned the importance of food safety, bio-security, and what had gone into growing these chickens during the Feeds and Nutrition’s research projects. During lunch Sonia Randhawa from the counseling department came to talk about admissions and financial aid. It was an important part of the day and very informative for the students to learn that they can take college classes for free while in high school and there are lots of programs to help get your tuition paid for. Lastly, we ended the day out in the hay field with BJ Macfarlane the Farm Manager learning all about the science and technology that goes into growing and bailing hay. As a bonus each student had the chance to drive a skid steer if they wanted! Shasta College sure was a fun filled hands on day and I think a great way to wrap up our 17-18 year!